# Copyright 2008-2015 Nokia Networks
# Copyright 2016- Robot Framework Foundation
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""Module implementing the command line entry point for post-processing outputs.
This module can be executed from the command line using the following
python -m robot.rebot
Instead of ``python`` it is possible to use also other Python interpreters.
This module is also used by the installed ``rebot`` start-up script.
This module also provides :func:`rebot` and :func:`rebot_cli` functions
that can be used programmatically. Other code is for internal usage.
# Allows running as a script. __name__ check needed with multiprocessing:
if 'robot' not in sys.modules and __name__ == '__main__':
from robot.conf import RebotSettings
from robot.errors import DataError
from robot.reporting import ResultWriter
from robot.output import LOGGER
from robot.utils import Application
from robot.run import RobotFramework
USAGE = """Rebot -- Robot Framework report and log generator
Usage: rebot [options] robot_outputs
or: python -m robot.rebot [options] robot_outputs
or: python path/to/robot/rebot.py [options] robot_outputs
or: java -jar robotframework.jar rebot [options] robot_outputs
Rebot can be used to generate logs and reports in HTML format. It can also
produce new XML output files which can be further processed with Rebot or
The easiest way to execute Rebot is using the `rebot` script created as part
of the normal installation. Alternatively it is possible to execute the
`robot.rebot` module directly using `python -m robot.rebot`, where `python`
can be replaced with any supported Python interpreter like `jython`, `ipy` or
`python3`. Yet another alternative is running the `robot/rebot.py` script like
`python path/to/robot`. Finally, there is a standalone JAR distribution.
Inputs to Rebot are XML output files generated by Robot Framework test runs or
earlier Rebot executions. When more than one input file is given, a new top
level test suite containing suites in the given files is created by default.
This allows combining multiple outputs together to create higher level reports.
An exception is that if --merge is used, results are combined by adding suites
and tests in subsequent outputs into the first suite structure. If same test
is found from multiple outputs, the last one replaces the earlier ones.
For more information about Rebot and other built-in tools, see
http://robotframework.org/robotframework/#built-in-tools. For more details
about Robot Framework in general, go to http://robotframework.org.
--rpa Turn on generic automation mode. Mainly affects
terminology so that "test" is replaced with "task"
in logs and reports. By default the mode is got
from output files. New in RF 3.1.
-R --merge When combining results, merge outputs together
instead of putting them under a new top level suite.
Example: rebot --merge orig.xml rerun.xml
-N --name name Set the name of the top level test suite. Default
name is created from the name of the executed data
-D --doc documentation Set the documentation of the top level test suite.
Simple formatting is supported (e.g. *bold*). If
the documentation contains spaces, it must be quoted.
Example: --doc "Very *good* example"
-M --metadata name:value * Set metadata of the top level suite. Value can
contain formatting similarly as --doc.
Example: --metadata version:1.2
-G --settag tag * Sets given tag(s) to all executed test cases.
-t --test name * Select test cases by name or long name. Name is case
and space insensitive and it can also be a simple
pattern where `*` matches anything and `?` matches
--task name * Alias to --test. Especially applicable with --rpa.
-s --suite name * Select test suites by name. When this option is used
with --test, --include or --exclude, only test cases
in matching suites and also matching other filtering
criteria are selected. Given name can be a simple
pattern similarly as with --test.
-i --include tag * Select test cases to by tag. Similarly as name with
--test, tag is case and space insensitive and it is
possible to use patterns with `*` and `?` as
wildcards. Tags and patterns can also be combined
together with `AND`, `OR`, and `NOT` operators.
Examples: --include foo --include bar*
-e --exclude tag * Select test cases not to be included by tag. These
tests are not selected even if included with
--include. Tags are matched using the rules explained
--processemptysuite Processes output also if the top level test suite is
empty. Useful e.g. with --include/--exclude when it
is not an error that no test matches the condition.
-c --critical tag * Tests having given tag are considered critical. If no
critical tags are set, all tags are critical. Tags
can be given as a pattern like with --include.
-n --noncritical tag * Tests with given tag are not critical even if they
have a tag set with --critical. Tag can be a pattern.
-d --outputdir dir Where to create output files. The default is the
directory where Rebot is run from and the given path
is considered relative to that unless it is absolute.
-o --output file XML output file. Not created unless this option is
specified. Given path, similarly as paths given to
--log, --report and --xunit, is relative to
--outputdir unless given as an absolute path.
-l --log file HTML log file. Can be disabled by giving a special
name `NONE`. Default: log.html
Examples: `--log mylog.html`, `-l none`
-r --report file HTML report file. Can be disabled with `NONE`
similarly as --log. Default: report.html
-x --xunit file xUnit compatible result file. Not created unless this
option is specified.
--xunitskipnoncritical Mark non-critical tests on xUnit output as skipped.
-T --timestampoutputs When this option is used, timestamp in a format
`YYYYMMDD-hhmmss` is added to all generated output
files between their basename and extension. For
example `-T -o output.xml -r report.html -l none`
creates files like `output-20070503-154410.xml` and
--splitlog Split log file into smaller pieces that open in
--logtitle title Title for the generated test log. The default title
is `<Name Of The Suite> Test Log`.
--reporttitle title Title for the generated test report. The default
title is `<Name Of The Suite> Test Report`.
--reportbackground colors Background colors to use in the report file.
Either `all_passed:critical_passed:failed` or
`passed:failed`. Both color names and codes work.
Examples: --reportbackground green:yellow:red
-L --loglevel level Threshold for selecting messages. Available levels:
TRACE (default), DEBUG, INFO, WARN, NONE (no msgs).
Use syntax `LOGLEVEL:DEFAULT` to define the default
visible log level in log files.
Examples: --loglevel DEBUG
--suitestatlevel level How many levels to show in `Statistics by Suite`
in log and report. By default all suite levels are
shown. Example: --suitestatlevel 3
--tagstatinclude tag * Include only matching tags in `Statistics by Tag`
and `Test Details` in log and report. By default all
tags set in test cases are shown. Given `tag` can
also be a simple pattern (see e.g. --test).
--tagstatexclude tag * Exclude matching tags from `Statistics by Tag` and
`Test Details`. This option can be used with
--tagstatinclude similarly as --exclude is used with
--tagstatcombine tags:name * Create combined statistics based on tags.
These statistics are added into `Statistics by Tag`
and matching tests into `Test Details`. If optional
`name` is not given, name of the combined tag is got
from the specified tags. Tags are combined using the
rules explained in --include.
Examples: --tagstatcombine requirement-*
--tagdoc pattern:doc * Add documentation to tags matching given pattern.
Documentation is shown in `Test Details` and also as
a tooltip in `Statistics by Tag`. Pattern can contain
characters `*` (matches anything) and `?` (matches
any char). Documentation can contain formatting
similarly as with --doc option.
Examples: --tagdoc mytag:Example
--tagdoc "owner-*:Original author"
--tagstatlink pattern:link:title * Add external links into `Statistics by
Tag`. Pattern can contain characters `*` (matches
anything) and `?` (matches any char). Characters
matching to wildcard expressions can be used in link
and title with syntax %N, where N is index of the
match (starting from 1).
Examples: --tagstatlink mytag:http://my.domain:Title
--tagstatlink "bug-*:http://url/id=%1:Issue Tracker"
--removekeywords all|passed|for|wuks|name:<pattern>|tag:<pattern> *
Remove keyword data from all generated outputs.
Keywords containing warnings are not removed except
in `all` mode.
all: remove data from all keywords
passed: remove data only from keywords in passed
test cases and suites
for: remove passed iterations from for loops
wuks: remove all but the last failing keyword
inside `BuiltIn.Wait Until Keyword Succeeds`
name:<pattern>: remove data from keywords that match
the given pattern. The pattern is matched
against the full name of the keyword (e.g.
'MyLib.Keyword', 'resource.Second Keyword'),
is case, space, and underscore insensitive,
and may contain `*` and `?` as wildcards.
Examples: --removekeywords name:Lib.HugeKw
tag:<pattern>: remove data from keywords that match
the given pattern. Tags are case and space
insensitive and it is possible to use
patterns with `*` and `?` as wildcards.
Tags and patterns can also be combined
together with `AND`, `OR`, and `NOT`
Examples: --removekeywords foo
--flattenkeywords for|foritem|name:<pattern>|tag:<pattern> *
Flattens matching keywords in all generated outputs.
Matching keywords get all log messages from their
child keywords and children are discarded otherwise.
for: flatten for loops fully
foritem: flatten individual for loop iterations
name:<pattern>: flatten matched keywords using same
matching rules as with
tag:<pattern>: flatten matched keywords using same
matching rules as with
--starttime timestamp Set starting time of test execution when creating
reports. Timestamp must be given in format
`2007-10-01 15:12:42.268` where all separators are
optional (e.g. `20071001151242268` is ok too) and
parts from milliseconds to hours can be omitted if
they are zero (e.g. `2007-10-01`). This can be used
to override starttime of the suite when reports are
created from a single suite or to set starttime for
combined suite, which is otherwise set to `N/A`.
--endtime timestamp Same as --starttime but for ending time. If both
options are used, elapsed time of the suite is
calculated based on them. For combined suites,
it is otherwise calculated by adding elapsed times
of combined test suites together.
--nostatusrc Sets the return code to zero regardless of failures
in test cases. Error codes are returned normally.
--prerebotmodifier class * Class to programmatically modify the result
model before creating outputs.
-C --consolecolors auto|on|ansi|off Use colors on console output or not.
auto: use colors when output not redirected (default)
on: always use colors
ansi: like `on` but use ANSI colors also on Windows
off: disable colors altogether
Note that colors do not work with Jython on Windows.
-P --pythonpath path * Additional locations to add to the module search path
that is used when importing Python based extensions.
-E --escape what:with * Deprecated. Use console escape mechanism instead.
-A --argumentfile path * Text file to read more arguments from. File can have
both options and data sources one per line. Contents
do not need to be escaped but spaces in the beginning
and end of lines are removed. Empty lines and lines
starting with a hash character (#) are ignored.
| --include regression
| --name Regression Tests
| # This is a comment line
-h -? --help Print usage instructions.
--version Print version information.
Options that are marked with an asterisk (*) can be specified multiple times.
For example, `--test first --test third` selects test cases with name `first`
and `third`. If an option accepts a value but is not marked with an asterisk,
the last given value has precedence. For example, `--log A.html --log B.html`
creates log file `B.html`. Options accepting no values can be disabled by
using the same option again with `no` prefix added or dropped. The last option
has precedence regardless of how many times options are used. For example,
`--merge --merge --nomerge --nostatusrc --statusrc` would not activate the
merge mode and would return normal status rc.
Long option format is case-insensitive. For example, --SuiteStatLevel is
equivalent to but easier to read than --suitestatlevel. Long options can
also be shortened as long as they are unique. For example, `--logti Title`
works while `--lo log.html` does not because the former matches only --logtitle
but the latter matches both --log and --logtitle.
REBOT_OPTIONS Space separated list of default options to be placed
in front of any explicit options on the command line.
ROBOT_SYSLOG_FILE Path to a file where Robot Framework writes internal
information about processed files. Can be useful when
debugging problems. If not set, or set to special
value `NONE`, writing to the syslog file is disabled.
ROBOT_SYSLOG_LEVEL Log level to use when writing to the syslog file.
Available levels are the same as for --loglevel
command line option and the default is INFO.
# Simple Rebot run that creates log and report with default names.
$ rebot output.xml
# Using options. Note that this is one long command split into multiple lines.
$ rebot --log smoke_log.html --report smoke_report.html --include smoke
--ReportTitle Smoke_Tests --ReportBackground green:yellow:red
--TagStatCombine tag1ANDtag2 path/to/myoutput.xml
# Executing `robot.rebot` module using Python and creating combined outputs.
$ python -m robot.rebot --name Combined outputs/*.xml
# Running `robot/rebot.py` script with Jython.
$ jython path/robot/rebot.py -N Project_X -l none -r x.html output.xml
Application.__init__(self, USAGE, arg_limits=(1,),
[docs] def main(self, datasources, **options):
settings = RebotSettings(options)
rc = ResultWriter(*datasources).write_results(settings)
if rc < 0:
raise DataError('No outputs created.')
return rc [docs]def rebot_cli(arguments=None, exit=True):
"""Command line execution entry point for post-processing outputs.
:param arguments: Command line options and arguments as a list of strings.
Starting from RF 3.1, defaults to ``sys.argv[1:]`` if not given.
:param exit: If ``True``, call ``sys.exit`` with the return code denoting
execution status, otherwise just return the rc. New in RF 3.0.1.
Entry point used when post-processing outputs from the command line, but
can also be used by custom scripts. Especially useful if the script itself
needs to accept same arguments as accepted by Rebot, because the script can
just pass them forward directly along with the possible default values it
from robot import rebot_cli
rebot_cli(['--name', 'Example', '--log', 'NONE', 'o1.xml', 'o2.xml'])
See also the :func:`rebot` function that allows setting options as keyword
arguments like ``name="Example"`` and generally has a richer API for
programmatic Rebot execution.
if arguments is None:
arguments = sys.argv[1:]
return Rebot().execute_cli(arguments, exit=exit)
[docs]def rebot(*outputs, **options):
"""Programmatic entry point for post-processing outputs.
:param outputs: Paths to Robot Framework output files similarly
as when running the ``rebot`` command on the command line.
:param options: Options to configure processing outputs. Accepted
options are mostly same as normal command line options to the ``rebot``
command. Option names match command line option long names without
hyphens so that, for example, ``--name`` becomes ``name``.
The semantics related to passing options are exactly the same as with the
:func:`~robot.run.run` function. See its documentation for more details.
from robot import rebot
with open('stdout.txt', 'w') as stdout:
rebot('o1.xml', 'o2.xml', name='Example', log=None, stdout=stdout)
Equivalent command line usage::
rebot --name Example --log NONE o1.xml o2.xml > stdout.txt
return Rebot().execute(*outputs, **options)
if __name__ == '__main__':